Frequent Terms Explained
T-shirt manufacturers use many phrases to describe their products. The terms usually are not at all times consistent and it helps to have a reference information.
The next is the official Inexperienced Man T-Shirts Guide to understanding t-shirt phrases:
20s, 20/1, 20s single: Unit of measurement that defines the fineness of cotton thread. A typical spool of single-ply cotton thread is comprised of 840 yards of cotton thread. If it takes 20 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is known as 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is known as 30s cotton thread, or 30/1. If it takes 40 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is referred to as 40s cotton, or 40/1. The higher number means a finer thread, and thus a finer, softer fabric is created. T-shirts product of 30s and 40s are softer, finer, and have better drape than t-shirts made of 20s. The phrases are used many ways, however it is the quantity that counts; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 singles” are the identical. Threads might be twisted together into thicker strands. If two 20/1 cotton threads have been twisted collectively, it can be referred to as 20/2.
Bamboo Fabric: Rayon made from bamboo cellulose. Although rayon is a man-made artificial material, most consultants agree it is readily biodegradable. Bamboo fabric is extremely comfortable and has wonderful drape.
Bamboo: Fast rising plant, categorised as a grass, which may be readily processed into rayon to make bamboo rayon clothes.
Bleach Wash: A process that makes use of bleach to soften and distress the look of the fabric being washed.
Boat Neck: A very huge neckline that runs throughout the collarbone area to the shoulder factors. Derives from early sailors’ shirts, where the extensive neck enabled fast elimination if the sailor fell overboard.
Boy Beater: Girls’s vogue reply to the spouse beater. A women’s tank high, although it may be any color.
Brushed Cotton: A technique to take away excess lint and fibers from cotton fabric. Brushed cotton often has a very soft, easy finish.
Burn-Out: A course of that makes use of sulfuric acid or other strong acid to “burn-out” components of a fabric knit, normally a polyester/cotton blend. The process offers a see-by means of, very sheer impact.
Cap Sleeves: Normally refers to shorter sleeves on girls’s garments.
Carbon Dioxide: CO2. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Often called a “greenhouse” gasoline due to its relationship with international warming. Just a few t-shirt manufacturers at the moment are measuring and recording the CO2 emissions concerned in manufacturing their shirts.
Carbon Trust: Impartial organization based in 2001 in Nice Britain that displays carbon emissions. The Carbon Belief works with firms to help scale back their carbon footprint, and now certifies firms and merchandise as having a “low carbon” or “no carbon” footprint. A few t-shirt corporations now manufacture “low carbon footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleansing course of that eliminates quick fibers and removes dirt and foreign matter. Carding may be carried out by hand or by massive machines using drum rollers. Carded-only cotton shouldn’t be as desirable as combed cotton.
Cellulase Wash: Another title for enzyme wash. This provides fabric a smooth really feel and a vintage look, depending on how the wash is finished.
Cellulose: Derived from the cell partitions of certain plants. Useful in making certain forms of fabrics, together with acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo fabric is definitely rayon made from bamboo cellulose.
Low-cost Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts made with carded cotton, using 18/1 thread, normally knitted on 20 gauge machines. These t-shirts are coarse, tough, and have poor drapability. Used usually as low cost promotional give-aways.
Climate Neutral: A time period used to explain a company, process, or product that has zero affect on the Earth’s climate. Just a few t-shirt manufacturers promote their company as local weather neutral.
CO2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Referred to as a “greenhouse” gas due to its relationship with global warming.
Colorfastness: The power of a garment to withstand multiple washings without shedding its colour.
Combed Cotton: A technique to take away brief fibers and to arrange longer fibers parallel to create a clean, high-quality cotton yarn. Combed cotton has excessive power, wonderful uniformity, and higher hand. Combed cotton prices more and is used in finer t-shirts.
Compacting: A course of that compacts the area between cotton fiber pockets. Helps to cut back shrinking.
Contrasting Stitching: Stitching with a distinct coloration than the garment. Gives a nice design detail in t-shirts.
Control Union: A global organization that gives certification providers for quite a lot of applications–together with many organic certification programs. Certifies USDA Organic, as well as GOTS (Global Organic Textile Commonplace).
Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very barely stretchy fabric with a clean flat face and a extra textured however uniform back. Average weight per yard is about 5.5 to six ounces. Primary t-shirts are made of cotton jersey. Effective cotton jersey is often smoother and has a lighter weight per yard.
Cotton: A natural fiber that’s the most popular in the world for fabrics. Cotton fibers are usually ½ to 2 inches lengthy. Longer fibers produce finer cotton fabric. Varieties equivalent to Pima and Egyptian, which feature fibers exceeding 1.5 inches, are extra highly valued than extraordinary varieties.
Crew Neck: A round shut-fitting neckline. Commonest neck on t-shirts.
Crop Prime: A shirt with a short body to it; made to expose the midriff space.
Double-Needle Stitched: Used totally on sleeve/bottom hems and refers to a parallel row of stitching. Such a stitching provides sturdiness and a cleaner, extra completed look.
Drape, Drapability: Refers to how a fabric hangs. A fabric like bamboo rayon has wonderful drape, whereas a coarse fabric like burlap has little or no. T-shirts that have good drape qualities feel nicer to put on.
Drop Tail: A garment that features an extended back than front.
Eco-Friendly: Extremely unfastened term that refers to a product’s “greenness.” Nearly useless in realistically assessing a product. Favorite term used by inexperienced washers.
Egyptian Cotton: Cotton produced in Egypt and valued for its long length of fiber. Apparel made with true Egyptian cotton is prized for its softness and fineness.
Environmental Justice Basis: A registered charity established in 2000 to assist people who endure most from environmental abuses corresponding to pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and soil destruction. Particularly lively in curbing abuses in cotton farming.
Enzyme Washed: A wash process using special enzymes to supply a tender finish and clean look to a fabric. Ages dyes to create a special look to dyed fabrics. Enzyme washing is physically much less harsh on the fabric in comparison with stone washing.
European Reduce: A mode of t-shirt that is narrower than what one usually finds. For instance, a full lower men’s t-shirt, measurement large, normally runs 22 inches across the chest (measured one inch below the sleeve). A males’s large European minimize will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, typically more.
Fabric Dyed: Fabric dyed before being cut and sewn into a completed piece of clothes.
Honest Labor Association: A nonprofit organization devoted to ending sweatshop conditions in factories worldwide. Works to develop Code of Labor Practices, especially vital within the apparel business the place working circumstances have traditionally been so poor.
Fair Put on Basis: An international group dedicated to enhancing garment employees’ lives all around the world. Works with companies that produce clothes and different sewn merchandise and that take accountability for his or her supply chain.
Positive Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very barely stretchy fabric with a easy flat face and a extra textured but uniform again. Fantastic cotton jersey is often smoother and has a lighter weight per yard than common cotton jersey. T-shirts made with tremendous cotton jersey have a greater drape and really feel than common t-shirts. Often made with 30s and higher cotton thread, and weighs about four.3 ounces per square yard.
Fitted Cut: Definitions fluctuate, but usually a fitted reduce refers to a minimize that flatters the body. Used often in girls’s t-shirts, the center section of the shirt can be tighter than the top or backside. General, the shirts run narrower than a basic full cut.
Full Minimize: A generous, roomy lower. In t-shirts, tubular styles are typically considered full-minimize, however there are exceptions. Full Reduce differs from the slimmer European Cuts, Slim Cuts, and Fitted Cuts.
Garment Dyed: Clothing dyed after it has been minimize and sewn into a finished article of clothing.
Garment Washed: A process the place finished articles of clothing are washed, normally with added softeners to enhance the feel and look of the fabric.
GMO Free: GMO stands for Genetically Modified Organisms. First used in the nineteen nineties when customers turned worried about genetically modified food. Many companies now apply the GMO free label on everything from meals to natural fabrics, like cotton.
GOTS: Stands for International Organic Textile Commonplace. A undertaking of the International Working Group. They’ve developed standards to ensure natural status of textiles, from the harvesting, manufacturing, and labeling, in order to provide a credible assurance to the end consumer. An natural t-shirt that meets the standards will be GOTS certified.
Green: Generic time period utilized by advertising gurus to promote merchandise. One other favorite time period of “green-washers,” who’re hopping on the environmental bandwagon with none actual commitment.
Inexperienced-Washing: Take off on the term “white-washing,” however in an environmental context. Companies that inexperienced-wash are paying lip-service to environmental issues to draw extra enterprise, however have not taken any real steps to be environmentally responsible.
Hand: The best way a fabric feels to the touch. A fabric that feels mushy and clean is considered to have a good hand.
Hemp Fabric: Hemp, stone island t shirt goedkoop or Cannabis sativa, has been used for fabric for thousands of years, largely as an industrial fabric. Newer processing methods have made it suitable for finer clothing, and now it is used in many clothing articles, together with t-shirts. Hemp is valued for its energy and sturdiness.
Henley T-Shirt: Similar to a collarless polo shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-shirt that includes 2 or 3 buttons (generally up to 5 buttons are used, however that’s uncommon). A Henley might be either short or long sleeved.
Ice Wash: A way of stone washing the place the stones are first soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate. This method produces a frosted appearance to fabric.
Interlock Knit: A sort of knit that is very soft and has a great drape. Interlock knit stitches are tighter, extra stretchy than Jersey knit, however less stretchy than rib knit. Utilized in very positive garments.
Jersey Knit: Generally found in t-shirts and is essentially the most durable of knits. It is light weight, and has positive vertical ribs. The Jersey knit was named after the British Island in the English Channel. Advantageous cotton Jersey refers to Jersey Knit made with fantastic cotton threads reminiscent of 30s and 40s.
Knit: Defines how the interlocking loops of yarn that make up fabric were made. There are lots of sorts of knits. Jersey Knit is commonly found in t-shirts and is the most durable of knits. It’s light weight, and has fine vertical ribs. Alternatively, rib knits have heavy ribs working down the fabric, while interlock knits are utilized in very advantageous fabrics. T-shirt collars are usually rib knit.
Muscle Shirt: Sleeveless fashion t-shirt, however not precisely a tank top. Primary t-shirt, simply with out the sleeves. The shoulder strap portion is way wider than an strange tank high.
Neck Tape: A skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam running across the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and looks better than an exposed stitch. Often referred to as “shoulder to shoulder taped.”
OekoTek a hundred: Certification from the Worldwide Oeko-Tex® Affiliation, which assures customers that the apparel they purchase is chemical free and poses no risk to their health. Below the Oeko-Tex commonplace, clothing should be freed from formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, and different toxic chemicals.
Natural Apparel: A time period very loosely utilized within the garment business. It may imply anything from 100% organic to as little as 6% natural. Often combined with phrases like Eco-Pleasant, Inexperienced, and so on. Consumers should examine the labels and confirm the materials used to see if something is actually organic or not.
Natural Cotton: Cotton grown with out using pesticides. Certified organic cotton has been inspected to insure it really is organic.
Organic Soil Affiliation: Based in 1946 by a gaggle of farmers, scientists and nutritionists involved about the relationship between farming practices and plant, animal, human, and environmental health. The Organic Soil Association pioneered the first organic standards in 1967, and certifies farms and businesses that meet these requirements.
Overdyed: A course of the place previously dyed garments or fabrics are dyed with a further color to create a singular look.
Efficiency T: Title for t-shirts manufactured for athletes and outside lovers. Efficiency Ts are characterized by their breathability, moisture wicking, quick drying, and odor management capabilities. Many performance Ts are polyester/cotton blends, or will also be a hundred% polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, because of their absorbency and wicking properties, have develop into often known as efficiency t-shirts, although they don’t dry as quick as performance t-shirts made of one hundred% polyester.
PFD: Stands for Prepared For Dyeing. Offered this strategy to t-shirt customizers who need to create their own look with dyes.
Pigment Dyed: A sort of dye that creates a washed out, distressed look.
Pima Cotton: A cotton developed within the U.S. in the early 1900s to compete with Egyptian cotton. It features longer fibers and is used usually in fantastic men’s and girls’s shirts. The name Pima comes from the Pima Indians, who helped with the primary crops of the new cotton as it was first grown in the U.S.
Pique: A technique of knitting that creates a waffle-type, positive textured floor. Used often in polo shirts.
Polyester: Man-made fiber manufactured from artificial polymers. Used extensively in apparel, especially combined with cotton in 50/50 blends.
Pre-Shrunk: Refers back to the strategy of pre-shrinking fabric earlier than it is lower and sewn. Sometimes it refers to an actual finished garment that has been preshrunk. Clothing that has been preshrunk shrinks less once the purchaser washes it. Preshrunk cotton t-shirts will still shrink a bit, nonetheless, especially if dried utilizing a clothes dryer.
Raglan T-Shirt: Style of t-shirt that includes sleeves that run on to the collar. Often the sleeves are a contrasting shade from the body. Raglan sleeves are wider beneath the arms, and are most well-liked by wearers who want maximum freedom of motion. Baseball t-shirts normally characteristic a raglan sleeve style.
Rayon: Man-made fiber that makes use of plant cellulose as its foremost ingredient. Rayon may be very comfortable, has wonderful drape, and may be very absorbent. Originally developed as a silk substitute.
Rib Knit: Characterized by heavy vertical ribs running down the fabric. Rib knits are normally categorised as 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This lets you understand the width of the rib compared to the space between. For instance, a 1×1 rib knit or a 2×2 rib knit means the house between every rib is similar width as the ribs. However a 2×1 rib knit means the ribs are twice as large as the spaces in between. Rib knit may be very stretchy and is usually used for t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank tops.
Ring Spun: Refers to yarn made by twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibers. The steady spinning leads to a softer feel and stronger yarn. Ring-spun t-shirts are noticeably softer to the contact.
Ringer T: A t-shirt with coloured sleeve bands and matching crew neck. Most ringers are white, with the armband sleeves and crew necks in numerous colors.
Sand Wash: Refers to utilizing sand whereas washing a garment or fabric to soften and distress it.
Satin Washed: Another time period for silicone washed, which produces a really clean and delicate finish to fabric, and in addition provides the fabric good draping properties.
Scoop Neck: Wide, gently curved neckline that varies in depth. Favored in women’s shirts.
Sheer Jersey: Very gentle weight jersey knit, weighing about three.9 ounces per yard. A little stretchier than effective jersey.
Shoulder to Shoulder Tape: A skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam running throughout the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and appears higher than an uncovered stitch.
Shrinkage: Normally refers to cotton apparel and the amount it may be expected to shrink. Most cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, but four-5% shrinkage can still be expected.
Facet Seamed: Refers to shirts with a seam running down at each facet underneath the arm sleeves to the bottom hem. Side seamed t-shirts are more expensive to manufacture.
Silicone Washed: Refers to utilizing inert silicone in a washing course of. Produces a very clean and mushy finish to fabric, and in addition offers the fabric good draping properties.
Singlet: one other term for a males’s tank top.
Slim Cut: A mode of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one usually finds. For example, a full reduce men’s t-shirt, size large, normally runs 22 inches across the chest (measured one inch below the sleeve). A slim cut will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, sometimes extra.
Stonewashed: A washing course of that makes use of lava rocks or typically silicon and rubber balls. This technique makes fabric softer and gives it an aged or distressed look. Sometimes bleach is used on this process.
Tank Top: T-Shirt characterized by thin shoulder straps and no sleeves. The title got here from the early time period for swimming swimming pools: swimming tanks.
Taped Seam: Not precise “tape,” but a skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam working throughout the shoulders and neck space of t-shirts. It covers the seam and looks higher than an uncovered stitch.
Tubular Type:A method that has no aspect seams; the body of the t-shirt is spherical and straight. Tubular t-shirts are inexpensive to manufacture, and make up the majority of the cheaper t-shirts.
Unisex T-Shirt: No customary definition exists for a unisex t-shirt, however generally talking a unisex t-shirt is fabricated from lighter weight, fine cotton jersey, aspect seamed, and never lower as full as a regular men’s t-shirt. The sleeves aren’t extra short, like cap sleeves, however are usually not full elbow lengths both. The physique length is normally medium/lengthy. However, there are wide variations in unisex t-shirts, relying on the producer.
Uzbekistan: Former U.S.S.R. satellite that grew to become impartial in 1991 and is notorious for its cotton manufacturing methods, which embrace compelled little one labor and environmentally destructive practices. Ethical apparel companies boycott Uzbekistan cotton; however, many corporations don’t care and have refused to join in the boycott because Uzbekistan cotton is low-cost.
V -Neck: Inverted triangle type of neckline. Can be deep or shallow, depending on the model. Usually favored by women, but a shallow style v-neck is widespread among males.
Viscose: Typically one other name for rayon, as in viscose rayon.
Weight: Normally expressed ounces per sq. yard. A 5.5 ounce weight cotton fabric means that one sq. yard will weigh 5.5 ounces. Fine jersey cotton fabrics usually have lighter weights, whereas coarser cotton fabrics have heavier weights.
Wife Beater: Derogatory time period for a males’s tank prime t-shirt. Usually refers to a fundamental white tank high.