Malta Prehistoric Temples
Malta and Gozo, positioned in the centre of the Mediterranean, have a wealthy historical past spanning over the last 7000 years or so! There are temples, goddesses, wrecks, hypogea, cemeteries, Bronze Age villages, catacombs, tombs, villas, baths, ‘cart ruts’, caves, auberges, palaces, fortifications, and so much more. All this is bound to curiosity any historian, archaeologist, or sightseer! However of all these, the oldest and perhaps probably the most spectacular are the prehistoric temples scattered all over the islands.
The proof obtainable means that man reached the islands by boat from Sicily about 7000 years in the past. They have been farmers who built extraordinary buildings out of large slabs of stone. There may be little argument that these structures were in fact temples because they are monumental in size, comprise many symbols and altars, and present no signal of domestic use in any respect.
Inside the vast majority of the temples, statuettes (as well as one monumental statue) have been discovered which represent an opulent mother goddess, also known as ‘The Fats Lady’. It is believed that she was worshipped by the farmers so as to have good crops in the usually sizzling weather.
Even the form of these temples is exclusive; they’re either lobed, or made up of a collection of apses. The unimaginable factor is that when viewed from above (as a bird’s eye view) the temples appear to have the same shape as the mother goddess, with massive thighs! Apparently, there is no such thing as a such structure anywhere in the world which is remotely just like our Maltese temples. This emphasizes the uniqueness of the island, current from even 7000 years ago!
There are some twenty three temples across the island, most of which stand alone or in pairs. These span from around 3600 to 2500BC, making them even older than the great Pyramid of Egypt, which dates to 2550BC! These include the Ggantija temple, which is the oldest recognized temple discovered on the island of Gozo, Hagar Qim and Mnajdra Temples, Tarxien Temples, Kordin Temple, Skorba Temple, and Ta’ Hagrat Temple, amongst others.
There is also a prehistoric underground burial know because the Hal-Saflieni Hypogeum which is associated with the Tarxien Temple, in that it is said to be its associated burial floor. It is also utterly distinctive and seems to be a cut-out copy of the temples, but underground. Apart from choices and skeletons, two unbelievable chambers had been discovered inside, identified as the Holy of Holies, as well because the Oracle Room, recognized for its unbelievable use of sound. This hypogeum has been recently restored, lit up, opened to the public and been acknowledged as a UNESCO World Heritage site. But guide forward, as solely teams of 10 are allowed in every hour and this is surely not one to miss!
Maltese Culture and Conventional Rituals
The rituals that took play throughout the temples had been also very interesting and unique. Other than the statuettes of the mom goddess, many other symbols were discovered, including phallic symbols, carved farming animals, and a curly spiral design which has change into considerably of a trademark on the island. The temples are divided into stone island quilted jacket private and public areas the place the priests and public have been divided. Altars have been used to sacrifice animals to the deities, and holes at the entrances had been used for libration; the pouring of liquids reminiscent of water, wine or blood, to the goddess.
This unimaginable interval in our history ended very mysteriously and abruptly! At the tip of what is understood as the ‘Tarxien Phase’, which is the latest part in this period, the temples went completely out of use and it is nearly as if everybody disappeared. The truth is, at a later part a new group of people moved into the temples and used them for completely completely different causes.