Widespread Phrases Explained
T-shirt manufacturers use many terms to explain their merchandise. The phrases are usually not at all times consistent and it helps to have a reference information.
The next is the official Inexperienced Man T-Shirts Guide to understanding t-shirt phrases:
20s, 20/1, 20s single: Unit of measurement that defines the fineness of cotton thread. A normal spool of single-ply cotton thread is comprised of 840 yards of cotton thread. If it takes 20 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is referred to as 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is known as 30s cotton thread, or 30/1. If it takes forty spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is known as 40s cotton, or 40/1. The upper number means a finer thread, and thus a finer, softer fabric is created. T-shirts fabricated from 30s and 40s are softer, finer, and have better drape than t-shirts fabricated from 20s. The phrases are used some ways, but it’s the quantity that counts; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 singles” are the identical. Threads can be twisted collectively into thicker strands. If two 20/1 cotton threads have been twisted collectively, it can be referred to as 20/2.
Bamboo Fabric: Rayon made from bamboo cellulose. Although rayon is a man-made synthetic material, most experts agree it is readily biodegradable. Bamboo fabric is extremely mushy and has wonderful drape.
Bamboo: Fast growing plant, labeled as a grass, which might be readily processed into rayon to make bamboo rayon clothes.
Bleach Wash: A course of that uses bleach to soften and distress the look of the fabric being washed.
Boat Neck: A really large neckline that runs across the collarbone space to the shoulder factors. Derives from early sailors’ shirts, where the broad neck enabled fast removing if the sailor fell overboard.
Boy Beater: Girls’s trend reply to the spouse beater. A women’s tank top, though it can be any colour.
Brushed Cotton: A technique to take away excess lint and fibers from cotton fabric. Brushed cotton often has a very tender, clean finish.
Burn-Out: A course of that makes use of sulfuric acid or other strong acid to “burn-out” parts of a fabric knit, often a polyester/cotton mix. The process stone island onesie provides a see-by means of, very sheer impact.
Cap Sleeves: Usually refers to shorter sleeves on women’s garments.
Carbon Dioxide: CO2. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Known as a “greenhouse” gasoline because of its relationship with global warming. A number of t-shirt manufacturers are actually measuring and recording the CO2 emissions involved in manufacturing their shirts.
Carbon Trust: Independent organization based in 2001 in Nice Britain that screens carbon emissions. The Carbon Belief works with firms to assist scale back their carbon footprint, and now certifies corporations and merchandise as having a “low carbon” or “no carbon” footprint. A few t-shirt companies now manufacture “low carbon footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleansing course of that eliminates quick fibers and removes dirt and foreign matter. Carding could be finished by hand or by massive machines utilizing drum rollers. Carded-only cotton is just not as fascinating as combed cotton.
Cellulase Wash: One other identify for enzyme wash. This provides fabric a tender really feel and a vintage look, relying on how the wash is finished.
Cellulose: Derived from the cell walls of sure plants. Useful in making sure sorts of fabrics, including acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo fabric is definitely rayon made from bamboo cellulose.
Low cost Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts made with carded cotton, utilizing 18/1 thread, usually knitted on 20 gauge machines. These t-shirts are coarse, tough, and have poor drapability. Used often as cheap promotional give-aways.
Climate Neutral: A term used to explain an organization, course of, or product that has zero impression on the Earth’s climate. A few t-shirt manufacturers advertise their company as local weather impartial.
CO2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Often called a “greenhouse” fuel due to its relationship with global warming.
Colorfastness: The flexibility of a garment to withstand a number of washings with out losing its shade.
Combed Cotton: A way to take away brief fibers and to arrange longer fibers parallel to create a easy, positive cotton yarn. Combed cotton has excessive energy, wonderful uniformity, and better hand. Combed cotton costs extra and is used in finer t-shirts.
Compacting: A course of that compacts the area between cotton fiber pockets. Helps to scale back shrinking.
Contrasting Stitching: Stitching with a unique coloration than the garment. Offers a pleasant design detail in t-shirts.
Management Union: A world group that offers certification companies for quite a lot of programs–including many natural certification packages. Certifies USDA Organic, as well as GOTS (Global Natural Textile Standard).
Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very slightly stretchy fabric with a easy flat face and a extra textured but uniform again. Average weight per yard is about 5.5 to six ounces. Primary t-shirts are manufactured from cotton jersey. Nice cotton jersey is often smoother and has a lighter weight per yard.
Cotton: A natural fiber that’s the preferred in the world for fabrics. Cotton fibers are often ½ to 2 inches lengthy. Longer fibers produce finer cotton fabric. Varieties equivalent to Pima and Egyptian, which feature fibers exceeding 1.5 inches, are extra highly valued than odd varieties.
Crew Neck: A spherical close-fitting neckline. Most common neck on t-shirts.
Crop Prime: A shirt with a short body to it; made to expose the midriff space.
Double-Needle Stitched: Used totally on sleeve/bottom hems and refers to a parallel row of stitching. Such a stitching gives sturdiness and a cleaner, more finished look.
Drape, Drapability: stone island onesie Refers to how a fabric hangs. A fabric like bamboo rayon has excellent drape, whereas a coarse fabric like burlap has very little. T-shirts which have good drape qualities feel nicer to wear.
Drop Tail: A garment that features an extended back than entrance.
Eco-Pleasant: Extremely loose time period that refers to a product’s “greenness.” Virtually ineffective in realistically assessing a product. Favorite term utilized by inexperienced washers.
Egyptian Cotton: Cotton produced in Egypt and valued for its lengthy size of fiber. Apparel made with true Egyptian cotton is prized for its softness and fineness.
Environmental Justice Foundation: A registered charity established in 2000 to help people who undergo most from environmental abuses akin to pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and soil destruction. Especially lively in curbing abuses in cotton farming.
Enzyme Washed: A wash course of using particular enzymes to produce a smooth finish and clean look to a fabric. Ages dyes to create a particular look to dyed fabrics. Enzyme washing is bodily less harsh on the fabric compared to stone washing.
European Minimize: A style of t-shirt that is narrower than what one usually finds. For instance, a full minimize males’s t-shirt, size large, normally runs 22 inches across the chest (measured one inch below the sleeve). A men’s giant European minimize will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, typically extra.
Fabric Dyed: Fabric dyed before being cut and sewn into a finished piece of clothes.
Fair Labor Association: A nonprofit organization devoted to ending sweatshop circumstances in factories worldwide. Works to develop Code of Labor Practices, especially essential within the apparel enterprise the place working circumstances have traditionally been so poor.
Fair Wear Basis: An international group devoted to enhancing garment staff’ lives all around the world. Works with companies that produce clothing and other sewn products and that take duty for his or her supply chain.
Advantageous Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very barely stretchy fabric with a easy flat face and a more textured but uniform back. Superb cotton jersey is normally smoother and has a lighter weight per yard than regular cotton jersey. T-shirts made with nice cotton jersey have a better drape and really feel than common t-shirts. Usually made with 30s and better cotton thread, and weighs about 4.Three ounces per sq. yard.
Fitted Lower: Definitions fluctuate, however typically a fitted minimize refers to a cut that flatters the body. Used often in women’s t-shirts, the center section of the shirt can be tighter than the top or backside. Overall, the shirts run narrower than a fundamental full cut.
Full Cut: A generous, roomy minimize. In t-shirts, tubular styles are generally considered full-lower, however there are exceptions. Full Reduce differs from the slimmer European Cuts, Slim Cuts, and Fitted Cuts.
Garment Dyed: Clothing dyed after it has been cut and sewn right into a finished article of clothes.
Garment Washed: A course of where completed articles of clothing are washed, usually with added softeners to improve the feel and look of the fabric.
GMO Free: GMO stands for Genetically Modified Organisms. First used within the 1990s when consumers became frightened about genetically modified food. Many corporations now apply the GMO free label on every part from meals to pure fabrics, like cotton.
GOTS: Stands for World Natural Textile Normal. A undertaking of the Worldwide Working Group. They have developed requirements to ensure natural standing of textiles, from the harvesting, manufacturing, and labeling, in order to supply a credible assurance to the end shopper. An natural t-shirt that meets the requirements could be GOTS certified.
Green: Generic term used by advertising and marketing gurus to promote products. Another favourite term of “inexperienced-washers,” who are hopping on the environmental bandwagon with none real dedication.
Green-Washing: Take off on the time period “white-washing,” however in an environmental context. Companies that green-wash are paying lip-service to environmental issues to attract more business, but haven’t taken any actual steps to be environmentally accountable.
Hand: The way in which a fabric feels to the touch. A fabric that feels comfortable and smooth is taken into account to have an excellent hand.
Hemp Fabric: Hemp, or Cannabis sativa, has been used for fabric for hundreds of years, principally as an industrial fabric. Newer processing strategies have made it appropriate for finer clothes, and now it’s used in many clothes articles, including t-shirts. Hemp is valued for its strength and sturdiness.
Henley T-Shirt: Much like a collarless polo shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-shirt featuring 2 or three buttons (typically up to 5 buttons are used, however that is unusual). A Henley will be both short or lengthy sleeved.
Ice Wash: A method of stone washing where the stones are first soaked in an answer of potassium permanganate. This methodology produces a frosted appearance to fabric.
Interlock Knit: A type of knit that may be very mushy and has a very good drape. Interlock knit stitches are tighter, more stretchy than Jersey knit, however much less stretchy than rib knit. Used in very effective garments.
Jersey Knit: Commonly found in t-shirts and is the most durable of knits. It’s mild weight, and has tremendous vertical ribs. The Jersey knit was named after the British Island within the English Channel. Positive cotton Jersey refers to Jersey Knit made with nice cotton threads akin to 30s and 40s.
Knit: Defines how the interlocking loops of yarn that make up fabric have been made. There are numerous types of knits. Jersey Knit is usually present in t-shirts and is probably the most durable of knits. It is gentle weight, and has positive vertical ribs. Alternatively, rib knits have heavy ribs running down the fabric, whereas interlock knits are utilized in very superb fabrics. T-shirt collars are normally rib knit.
Muscle Shirt: Sleeveless style t-shirt, but not exactly a tank high. Basic t-shirt, simply with out the sleeves. The shoulder strap portion is way wider than an unusual tank top.
Neck Tape: A skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam working across the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and looks higher than an exposed stitch. Also known as “shoulder to shoulder taped.”
OekoTek 100: Certification from the Worldwide Oeko-Tex® Affiliation, which assures consumers that the apparel they purchase is chemical free and poses no threat to their health. Under the Oeko-Tex standard, clothes should be freed from formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, and different toxic chemicals.
Natural Apparel: A term very loosely utilized within the garment industry. It could actually mean something from 100% natural to as little as 6% natural. Typically combined with phrases like Eco-Friendly, Inexperienced, and so on. Shoppers must test the labels and verify the materials used to see if one thing is actually natural or not.
Organic Cotton: Cotton grown without the use of pesticides. Certified natural cotton has been inspected to insure it truly is natural.
Organic Soil Association: Founded in 1946 by a group of farmers, scientists and nutritionists involved about the relationship between farming practices and plant, animal, human, and environmental health. The Natural Soil Affiliation pioneered the primary organic standards in 1967, and certifies farms and companies that meet those requirements.
Overdyed: A course of the place beforehand dyed garments or fabrics are dyed with a further color to create a novel look.
Efficiency T: Identify for t-shirts manufactured for athletes and outdoor fans. Performance Ts are characterized by their breathability, moisture wicking, quick drying, and odor management capabilities. Many performance Ts are polyester/cotton blends, or may also be a hundred% polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, as a result of their absorbency and wicking properties, have grow to be often called efficiency t-shirts, although they do not dry as fast as performance t-shirts made from a hundred% polyester.
PFD: Stands for Prepared For Dyeing. Bought this method to t-shirt customizers who wish to create their very own look with dyes.
Pigment Dyed: A kind of dye that creates a washed out, distressed look.
Pima Cotton: A cotton developed within the U.S. within the early 1900s to compete with Egyptian cotton. It features longer fibers and is used typically in fine males’s and ladies’s shirts. The title Pima comes from the Pima Indians, who helped with the primary crops of the new cotton because it was first grown in the U.S.
Pique: A method of knitting that creates a waffle-type, high-quality textured floor. Used usually in polo shirts.
Polyester: Man-made fiber manufactured from artificial polymers. Used broadly in apparel, especially combined with cotton in 50/50 blends.
Pre-Shrunk: Refers to the process of pre-shrinking fabric earlier than it’s cut and sewn. Sometimes it refers to an precise completed garment that has been preshrunk. Clothes that has been preshrunk shrinks much less once the buyer washes it. Preshrunk cotton t-shirts will still shrink a bit, nevertheless, especially if dried using a clothes dryer.
Raglan T-Shirt: Type of t-shirt that includes sleeves that run on to the collar. Often the sleeves are a contrasting colour from the physique. Raglan sleeves are wider beneath the arms, and are most popular by wearers who need maximum freedom of motion. Baseball t-shirts often feature a raglan sleeve type.
Rayon: Man-made fiber that makes use of plant cellulose as its main ingredient. Rayon is very tender, has glorious drape, and could be very absorbent. Originally developed as a silk substitute.
Rib Knit: Characterized by heavy vertical ribs working down the fabric. Rib knits are usually classified as 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This lets you already know the width of the rib in comparison with the area between. For instance, a 1×1 rib knit or a 2×2 rib knit means the area between every rib is identical width because the ribs. But a 2×1 rib knit means the ribs are twice as extensive as the spaces in between. Rib knit could be very stretchy and is commonly used for t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank tops.
Ring Spun: Refers to yarn made by twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibers. The steady spinning ends in a softer really feel and stronger yarn. Ring-spun t-shirts are noticeably softer to the contact.
Ringer T: A t-shirt with colored sleeve bands and matching crew neck. Most ringers are white, with the armband sleeves and crew necks in numerous colors.
Sand Wash: Refers to utilizing sand while washing a garment or fabric to soften and distress it.
Satin Washed: Another time period for silicone washed, which produces a really clean and comfortable finish to fabric, and likewise provides the fabric good draping properties.
Scoop Neck: Wide, gently curved neckline that varies in depth. Favored in women’s shirts.
Sheer Jersey: Very mild weight jersey knit, weighing about 3.9 ounces per yard. A little stretchier than fine jersey.
Shoulder to Shoulder Tape: A skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam running throughout the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and appears better than an uncovered stitch.
Shrinkage: Often refers to cotton apparel and the amount it may be expected to shrink. Most cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, but four-5% shrinkage can still be expected.
Facet Seamed: Refers to shirts with a seam running down at each facet underneath the arm sleeves to the underside hem. Side seamed t-shirts are more expensive to manufacture.
Silicone Washed: Refers to utilizing inert silicone in a washing course of. Produces a very easy and smooth finish to fabric, and in addition offers the fabric good draping properties.
Singlet: one other time period for a men’s tank high.
Slim Lower: A style of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one usually finds. For example, a full reduce men’s t-shirt, size large, often runs 22 inches across the chest (measured one inch below the sleeve). A slim cut will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, generally more.
Stonewashed: A washing course of that makes use of lava rocks or typically silicon and rubber balls. This technique makes fabric softer and gives it an aged or distressed look. Sometimes bleach is used on this process.
Tank Top: T-Shirt characterized by thin shoulder straps and no sleeves. The name got here from the early time period for swimming swimming pools: swimming tanks.
Taped Seam: Not precise “tape,” but a skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam running across the shoulders and neck space of t-shirts. It covers the seam and looks higher than an uncovered stitch.
Tubular Type:A style that has no facet seams; the body of the t-shirt is spherical and straight. Tubular t-shirts are inexpensive to manufacture, and make up the majority of the cheaper t-shirts.
Unisex T-Shirt: No normal definition exists for a unisex t-shirt, however typically talking a unisex t-shirt is made of lighter weight, effective cotton jersey, aspect seamed, and never cut as full as a regular men’s t-shirt. The sleeves usually are not extra short, like cap sleeves, however are usually not full elbow lengths both. The physique length is often medium/lengthy. Nevertheless, there are wide variations in unisex t-shirts, relying on the producer.
Uzbekistan: Former U.S.S.R. satellite that turned impartial in 1991 and is notorious for its cotton manufacturing methods, which include compelled youngster labor and environmentally destructive practices. Ethical apparel corporations boycott Uzbekistan cotton; however, many firms don’t care and have refused to affix in the boycott because Uzbekistan cotton is low-cost.
V -Neck: Inverted triangle type of neckline. Could be deep or shallow, depending on the type. Normally favored by women, but a shallow style v-neck is popular among males.
Viscose: Sometimes another title for rayon, as in viscose rayon.
Weight: Normally expressed ounces per sq. yard. A 5.5 ounce weight cotton fabric means that one sq. yard will weigh 5.5 ounces. Tremendous jersey cotton fabrics usually have lighter weights, while coarser cotton fabrics have heavier weights.
Spouse Beater: Derogatory time period for a men’s tank high t-shirt. Normally refers to a fundamental white tank high.