Ice Age Animals
Training and Science»
Historical past did God place these creatures on the earth to show man humility, to show him to survive Genesis, Chapter One offers believers an inarguable answer to this question: “God blessed them (Adam and Eve); and God said to them, ‘Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it; and rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over every living factor that moves on the earth.'” (New American Commonplace Bible).
This one verse teaches us that God made man to rule over what we envision immediately as superhuman beasts with monstrously large teeth and claws to match, in addition to majestic reptiles that yearned for nothing greater than the salad offered by the creator’s splendid backyard stone island jogger buffet. That man was meant to rule over them is satisfied by the information that humanity has survived where their once great numbers dwindled into extinction. Scientists do not share my beliefs, and they don’t should. Nor do I should share theirs…………..
To go back in time would imply to become prey to the beasts that roamed the world before us. Might I survive even one day Would I find myself in the midst of Hollywood’s Jurassic Park, only to change into a small slice of meat on the night menu Would I miss all the things I yearn to see because I would run lickety split to the nearest place I could find to cover myself, only to be swallowed whole by the hungry vegetation I’ve never studied
The world of yesterday holds extra thriller than anyone individual is capable of imagining, and I know that if I had the chance to visit, the issues I’d like to see would be the shifting, respiratory animals we read about in our historical past books. The furry animals, you already know, the ultra giant versions of the animals we see today. The large cats slinking by means of the tundra; the supersized elephant of yesterday sporting matted hair and unimaginable tusks; the animals that if I had them within close enough proximity (and muzzled), I’d prefer to scratch behind the ears. But enough of that………… let’s meet them.
The Ice Age
The Earth has experienced many modifications since its creation. One of those changes is known as the “ice age,” a time frame wherein giant parts of the world had been buried underneath large sheets of ice. Some of these ice sheets are believed to have been a whole lot of toes deep, and during the coldest occasions, approximately one third of the Earth’s land was blanketed beneath the frosty layer.
Throughout the Ice Age; North America, Europe, and Asia had been residence to the big glaciers that rose up like mountains on the horizon. These large rivers of ice slowly moved downhill grinding away on the panorama, crushing soil and rocks, utilizing their immense weight to mold the land beneath them. Many of those glaciers would have made the tallest buildings in existence at present appear small in comparison.The layers of packed ice beneath them are believed to have measured greater than a mile deep.
Animals of the Ice Age battled every day for survival. Seasonal modifications and slightly warmer weather in the course of the summer season months would melt the ice and convey forth streams to feed surviving plant life. Many plants have been buried in the snow; the flowing water helped them develop once more, and the animals that wanted them for nourishment had been afforded the possibility to outlive simply somewhat longer.
Many animals escaped the cold and ice by migrating to areas with warmer climates. They traveled long distances, trekking across what was typically treacherous terrain. Their path was fastidiously chosen by instinct and a want for survival; they adopted their noses, as it had been.
The creatures who chose not to make the journey discovered different lodging. They made do with what they had. Movements of glaciers had not only carved paths via the land; they’d carved out areas in the hills and cliffs as well. The results of those natural carvings have been caves, and the caves offered shelter and protection for the animals who made them house.
Today, hyenas are only present in Africa. Until of course, you go to them on the native zoo. However hundreds of years in the past hyenas may have been found wandering via a lot of the European countryside and living inside a lot of Europe’s finest caves.
Caves sheltered newborn litters and gave the hyena somewhere to feast on a recent kill. Hyenas each lived, hunted, and traveled as packs.
Another cave dweller was the Ursus-spelaeus, better known because the “cave bear.” Standing seven toes tall, the cave bear would have been extremely intimidating. Think about the grizzly bear…………. he would possibly stand over three meters tall and weigh in at multiple thousand pounds…………… the cave bear; he was bigger!
Cave bears lived throughout a lot of Europe, and like the hyenas, they lived in teams. The remains of more than 100,000 cave bears have been found in caves all through Europe, most notably in Austria.
It is believed that the cave bears had been vegetarians, and information gathered from the research of their stays has concluded that a great lots of the bears died during hibernation. Indicators of sickness and illness were evident in research that were performed on specimens of all ages. By the top of the Ice Age, these bears had disappeared.
The “Woolly Mammoth
One of the best recognized animal of the ice age, and my very own private favourite, would be the woolly mammoth. The name mammoth, derived from an previous Siberian phrase, means “earth burrower.”
When initially given its identify, the mammoth was not thought to be an ancient, lengthy extinct, prehistoric creature. As an alternative, it was believed to have been an underworld beast, something that lived underground in a burrow, by no means to floor because the open air would imply sure loss of life. The mammoth was likened to a mole. Needless to say, these preliminary observations have been incorrect.
Removed from creatures who burrowed beneath the earth’s surface, these “giants” stood greater than 9 ft tall on the shoulder and sported enormous, curving tusks. Tusks have been essential instruments that allowed the mammoth to sweep apart snow and dig for the food buried beneath it; they were also helpful in the course of the mating season when the male mammoths busied themselves with preventing over the girls.
The woolly mammoth was coated with lengthy, shaggy hair that would reach three feet in size; thus its name. But the woolly mammoth wanted way over a coat of shaggy hair to maintain warm within the ice age environment; he really sported not just one, but three coats of fur.
The woolly mammoth’s outer coat was very coarse and really long. Beneath that wooly layer was a thinner, shorter underfur that measured ten to twelve inches and offered extra protection. A mammoth’s third layer of fur was its undercoat, a thick layer of wool next to the skin. Although this layer solely measured one to three inches, it might have been the most important as it provided crucial warmth in an unfriendly environment. Additional insulation was supplied by 4 inches of fats situated just beneath the mammoth’s skin. In different words…………. he was always able to go out and play; no jacket required.
Mammoths originated in Africa however ultimately they migrated to far away locations, and took up residence in North America, Europe, and Asia. They traveled in herds looking for plants. Moss, grasses, herbs, and ferns have been favorites. It is claimed that they consumed a mean of 300 pounds of vegetation per day; now that is a big salad! Plants have been pulled from the bottom by the mammoth’s trunk which served as a really strong, very versatile, and extremely helpful appendage. The mammoth’s trunk allowed it to feel and grasp for issues. We’re in a position to observe related movements within the modern-day elephant.
Surprisingly, they are saying that exterior of humans trying to find meals, the mammoth’s most active predator was the wolf. It was during this period that the now extinct Dire Wolf roamed the world, particularly in North America. Large concentrations of fossilized remains have been discovered throughout California and Florida. The large numbers of fossils in these areas are attributed to their glorious situations for preservation.
Packs of hungry wolves would stalk the herd and select its weakest member; then they’d give chase, tiring the animal to the purpose they could encompass and convey it down. Dire wolves differ from the wolves we all know right this moment in that they have been much larger, had sharper teeth and stronger jaws (excellent for crushing bones), shorter, stronger legs, and smaller brains. Seeing that the gray wolf migrated over the land bridge of Berengia some years after the dire wolf; I need to marvel if intelligence had anything to do with the survival of one and the extinction of the other. Perhaps sometime we’ll discover out.
Early cave artwork incorporates many depictions of the woolly mammoth. Most of these works have been found within the caves discovered in France and Spain. They’re believed to be hundreds of years outdated.
Sabre Tooth Tiger
It is not tough to grasp how the saber-toothed tiger bought its identify. Their massive front teeth have been razor sharp and shaped appreciated the sabers (swords) we see on movie and in museums. Many variations of the saber-toothed cats stalked their method via most each continent on the planet before their eventual descent into extinction.
Growing to greater than nine ft in length, the saber-tooth tiger was far larger than the tigers we know right now. They boasted highly effective front legs and shoulders, extremely giant jaws that had the power to open to an angle of over 120 levels, and fangs measuring as much as 10 inches lengthy. Not one to waste time, the saber-tooth tiger aimed to kill its prey by penetrating the smooth folds of its neck.
As robust as they had been, the saber-tooth tiger didn’t all the time have it simple. Their prey was usually bigger, stronger, and greater than able to fight back. Brittle teeth were considered one of this huge cat’s weaknesses; lacking their mark and connecting with bone would typically lead to broken teeth. Scientists consider that many a tooth was fractured whereas attacking the stomach of one other beast and hitting the ribs of their prey. The saber-tooth cats had been intimidating and a pressure to be reckoned with, but they weren’t invincible.
La Brea Tar Pits
The La Brea tar pits in California had been a dying lure for many ice age animals, and lots of the remains which have been excavated from the location are each complete and intact. Entrapment within the sticky tar would have made for a sluggish and agonizing loss of life in its own right, however to be eaten alive by predators such because the saber-tooth whereas sinking into the ooze and stench should have made that sluggish demise even more unbearable. I wonder if it might have given the animals any sense of justice to know that the predators who attacked them at their weakest usually followed them into the abyss. The tar pits did not choose and choose; the whole lot was truthful sport, and all the things was devoured whole.
To sight a Megaloceros can be any modern day hunter’s dream. Making their homes in Europe and in sections of Central Asia, the Megaloceros boasted the most important antlers of any deer that has ever existed. During the rising season, the male deer’s antlers would grow at a fee of a quarter inch per day. By the tip of the season their crown would span an approximate length of 9 toes.
These immense antlers were a source of pride and an indication of vigor. As the top of the rising season marked the transition into the mating season, these deer would turn out to be combatants in contests that may require both strength and endurance. Massive males show evidence of having weighed in at up to 1,540 pounds, with 80 of these pounds carried on the tops of their heads. Their prize was the right to mate. Shortly after mating, the females would go off to live on their own, and the males would do the same.
For the male, the top of the season was marked by the loss of his antlers; they merely fell off, leaving the male a bit lighter and affording him the necessary agility he needed to maneuver about throughout the tough winter. Come spring, his antlers would once once more begin to develop aided by a weight loss program that consisted of grass, trees, and willow shoots. Willow shoots provided the vast amounts of calcium essential to reinforce the antlers growth.
Many stays of the Megaloceros have been found in the peat bogs of Ireland. Due to this, the Megaloceros is commonly mistakenly called the “Irish Elk.” It’s believed that many of these majestic animals died because the size of their antlers made it difficult to navigate through bushes. Changing into entangled within the branches of their setting; having their antlers grow to such an excellent measurement that they found themselves unable to lift their heads; and malnutrition are three of the explanations given for his or her eventual extinction.
Castoroides- The large Beaver
Long ago, North America provided a home for the Castoroides (giant beaver). Dwelling within the lakes and forests of the continent, this very giant amplification of current day beavers lower by wood with six inch teeth, grew to a length of eight feet, and will weigh as much as 4 hundred pounds.
This ingenious rodent lived by way of the final ice age before changing into extinct. The cause of its demise remains unknown, as does its function. Nobody is aware of if the Castoroides was a “builder” like its modern day counterpart, nor do they know the explanations for its extinction. Minnesota proudly embraces the Castoroides as their state fossil.
Earlier than the Earth’s plates shifted, becoming a member of the South and North American continents, South America was an island. Whereas much of the world struggled with the ice and bitter temperatures, its area was more temperate than others.
South America’s habitat supplied properties for many species that lived nowhere else on this planet. After the eventual joining of the North and South American continents, at a small stretch of land known as the Isthmus of Panama, the animals of the 2 continents started to move freely between the 2. Opossums, sloths, and armadillos trekked northward, whereas animals like mice, wolves, bears and squirrels made their approach south.
The Megatherium, or large sloth, was the biggest of its species. Measuring as much as nineteen ft long from the highest of their heads to the information of their tails, they didn’t grasp from timber like their distant relatives in right now’s rain forests.
Walking on the knuckles of their entrance paws, they used their tails for stability when plucking tasty morsels from the trees. And if they could not reach them at their full standing height of twenty feet, they’d easy break the branches down. At a full weight of 5 tons, I can solely think about how much food they’d eat per day, and I might guess there were many damaged branches left behind from their foraging.
Australia’s ice age mammals are said to be all marsupials (animals that both feed and care for his or her younger ones in a pouch). Likened to a present day hippo, the biggest marsupial was the wombat-like Diprotodon, a vegetarian. Tipping the scales at more than two tons, many wombat stays have been discovered in deep mud. Footprints have concluded that like the wombat, the Diprotodon’s front ft turned inward, mistakenly giving the impression it was pigeon toed. Massive claws are believed to have enabled the Diprotodon to dig up the roots of plants. It’s presumed that many of these mammals became trapped in the mud while making an attempt to reach for foliage.
Another of Australia’s ice age animals is a distant relative to the red kangaroo. The Procoptodon, also recognized as the “mega-roo,” was twice the scale of its present day household member. Standing roughly ten toes tall and weighing almost five hundred pounds, the Procoptodon may move (hop) at speeds round 30 mph. The Procoptodon fed on grass and bushes, living a lot because the newer, smaller kangaroos do at present.
After the ice age got here to an end, most creatures found life easier. The bitter cold slowly gave in to more temperate climates, vegetation was able to develop and unfold unhindered, and the migrations of man and beast spread out over the globe.
Many ice age animals did not stay by way of this new change. All of the animals mentioned above finally disappeared from the landscape. Archaeological discoveries have unearthed and provided us with a glimpse into the past. With out them we wouldn’t remember that these huge versions of at present’s animals as soon as lived….they don’t exist ANYMORE!!!!
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