Frequent Phrases Defined
T-shirt manufacturers use many phrases to describe their products. The phrases should not all the time consistent and it helps to have a reference guide.
The following is the official Green Man T-Shirts Information to understanding t-shirt phrases:
20s, 20/1, 20s single: Unit of measurement that defines the fineness of cotton thread. An ordinary spool of single-ply cotton thread is comprised of 840 yards of cotton thread. If it takes 20 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is referred to as 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is known as 30s cotton thread, or 30/1. If it takes 40 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is referred to as 40s cotton, or 40/1. The higher quantity means a finer thread, and thus a finer, softer fabric is created. T-shirts made of 30s and 40s are softer, finer, and have higher drape than t-shirts made from 20s. The terms are used many ways, however it is the quantity that counts; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 singles” are the identical. Threads will be twisted together into thicker strands. If two 20/1 cotton threads had been twisted collectively, it could be known as 20/2.
Bamboo Fabric: Rayon made from bamboo cellulose. Although rayon is a man-made synthetic material, most specialists agree it’s readily biodegradable. Bamboo fabric is extremely delicate and has glorious drape.
Bamboo: Fast growing plant, categorized as a grass, which may be readily processed into rayon to make bamboo rayon clothes.
Bleach Wash: A course of that makes use of bleach to soften and distress the look of the fabric being washed.
Boat Neck: A really huge neckline that runs across the collarbone space to the shoulder factors. Derives from early sailors’ shirts, where the vast neck enabled fast removal if the sailor fell overboard.
Boy Beater: Ladies’s fashion reply to the wife beater. A women’s tank top, though it may be any coloration.
Brushed Cotton: A method to remove excess lint and fibers from cotton fabric. Brushed cotton often has a really comfortable, easy finish.
Burn-Out: A course of that uses sulfuric acid or other robust acid to “burn-out” components of a fabric knit, normally a polyester/cotton blend. The method offers a see-by way of, very sheer impact.
Cap Sleeves: Often refers to shorter sleeves on girls’s garments.
Carbon Dioxide: CO2. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Often called a “greenhouse” fuel due to its relationship with global warming. A few t-shirt manufacturers are now measuring and recording the CO2 emissions involved in manufacturing their shirts.
Carbon Belief: Independent group based in 2001 in Nice Britain that monitors carbon emissions. The Carbon Trust works with firms to help reduce their carbon footprint, and now certifies firms and products as having a “low carbon” or “no carbon” footprint. A number of t-shirt firms now manufacture “low carbon footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleansing course of that eliminates quick fibers and removes dirt and international matter. Carding might be achieved by hand or by giant machines using drum rollers. Carded-solely cotton shouldn’t be as desirable as combed cotton.
Cellulase Wash: Another title for enzyme wash. This offers fabric a soft feel and a vintage look, depending on how the wash is done.
Cellulose: Derived from the cell partitions of sure plants. Helpful in making sure sorts of fabrics, together with acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo fabric is definitely rayon made from bamboo cellulose.
Low-cost Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts made with carded cotton, utilizing 18/1 thread, often knitted on 20 gauge machines. These t-shirts are coarse, tough, and have poor drapability. Used typically as cheap promotional give-aways.
Climate Impartial: A time period used to describe a company, course of, or product that has zero affect on the Earth’s local weather. Just a few t-shirt manufacturers promote their firm as local weather impartial.
CO2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Often known as a “greenhouse” gasoline because of its relationship with global warming.
Colorfastness: The power of a garment to withstand multiple washings with out shedding its coloration.
Combed Cotton: A way to remove short fibers and to arrange longer fibers parallel to create a easy, advantageous cotton yarn. Combed cotton has high strength, glorious uniformity, and higher hand. Combed cotton costs more and is used in finer t-shirts.
Compacting: A course of that compacts the space between cotton fiber pockets. Helps to reduce shrinking.
Contrasting Stitching: Stitching with a distinct color than the garment. Provides a nice design detail in t-shirts.
Management Union: An international organization that offers certification providers for a wide range of programs–together with many organic certification packages. Certifies USDA Natural, in addition to GOTS (World Organic Textile Commonplace).
Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very slightly stretchy fabric with a clean flat face and a more textured however uniform stone island giubbotti invernali prezzi back. Common weight per yard is about 5.5 to six ounces. Fundamental t-shirts are made from cotton jersey. Superb cotton jersey is normally smoother and has a lighter weight per yard.
Cotton: A pure fiber that’s the preferred on the planet for fabrics. Cotton fibers are often ½ to 2 inches long. Longer fibers produce finer cotton fabric. Varieties akin to Pima and Egyptian, which function fibers exceeding 1.5 inches, are extra extremely valued than strange varieties.
Crew Neck: A spherical close-fitting neckline. Most typical neck on t-shirts.
Crop High: A shirt with a brief physique to it; made to expose the midriff area.
Double-Needle Stitched: Used mostly on sleeve/backside hems and refers to a parallel row of stitching. One of these stitching offers durability and a cleaner, extra finished look.
Drape, Drapability: Refers to how a fabric hangs. A fabric like bamboo rayon has glorious drape, while a coarse fabric like burlap has little or no. T-shirts that have good drape qualities really feel nicer to put on.
Drop Tail: A garment that features a longer again than entrance.
Eco-Friendly: Extraordinarily free term that refers to a product’s “greenness.” Almost useless in realistically assessing a product. Favourite term used by green washers.
Egyptian Cotton: Cotton produced in Egypt and valued for its long length of fiber. Apparel made with true Egyptian cotton is prized for its softness and fineness.
Environmental Justice Basis: A registered charity established in 2000 to assist individuals who suffer most from environmental abuses similar to pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and soil destruction. Particularly active in curbing abuses in cotton farming.
Enzyme Washed: A wash course of utilizing particular enzymes to supply a tender end and smooth look to a fabric. Ages dyes to create a particular look to dyed fabrics. Enzyme washing is bodily less harsh on the fabric in comparison with stone washing.
European Minimize: A method of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one normally finds. For example, a full lower men’s t-shirt, dimension massive, normally runs 22 inches across the chest (measured one inch under the sleeve). A men’s massive European cut will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, typically more.
Fabric Dyed: Fabric dyed earlier than being minimize and sewn into a completed piece of clothes.
Honest Labor Association: A nonprofit group devoted to ending sweatshop situations in factories worldwide. Works to develop Code of Labor Practices, especially vital in the apparel business the place working situations have historically been so poor.
Honest Wear Foundation: A world group devoted to enhancing garment employees’ lives everywhere in the world. Works with corporations that produce clothing and other sewn merchandise and that take responsibility for their supply chain.
High-quality Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very slightly stretchy fabric with a clean flat face and a extra textured however uniform again. Tremendous cotton jersey is normally smoother and has a lighter weight per yard than common cotton jersey. T-shirts made with fantastic cotton jersey have a greater drape and really feel than regular t-shirts. Often made with 30s and better cotton thread, and weighs about four.3 ounces per sq. yard.
Fitted Reduce: Definitions vary, however typically a fitted lower refers to a reduce that flatters the physique. Used typically in ladies’s t-shirts, the middle part of the shirt will likely be tighter than the top or bottom. Total, the shirts run narrower than a basic full minimize.
Full Lower: A generous, roomy reduce. In t-shirts, tubular kinds are typically thought of full-reduce, but there are exceptions. Full Lower differs from the slimmer European Cuts, Slim Cuts, and Fitted Cuts.
Garment Dyed: Clothes dyed after it has been lower and sewn into a finished article of clothing.
Garment Washed: A course of the place completed articles of clothes are washed, usually with added softeners to enhance the texture and look of the fabric.
GMO Free: GMO stands for Genetically Modified Organisms. First used within the nineteen nineties when customers grew to become nervous about genetically modified food. Many corporations now apply the GMO free label on every part from food to pure fabrics, like cotton.
GOTS: Stands for World Natural Textile Standard. A mission of the International Working Group. They have developed standards to ensure natural standing of textiles, from the harvesting, manufacturing, and labeling, so as to provide a credible assurance to the tip shopper. An natural t-shirt that meets the standards may be GOTS certified.
Inexperienced: Generic time period utilized by marketing gurus to promote products. Another favorite term of “inexperienced-washers,” who’re hopping on the environmental bandwagon with none real dedication.
Green-Washing: Take off on the time period “white-washing,” but in an environmental context. Corporations that inexperienced-wash are paying lip-service to environmental considerations to attract extra business, but haven’t taken any actual steps to be environmentally responsible.
Hand: The way a fabric feels to the contact. A fabric that feels smooth and easy is considered to have a superb hand.
Hemp Fabric: Hemp, or Cannabis sativa, has been used for fabric for thousands of years, mostly as an industrial fabric. Newer processing methods have made it suitable for finer clothing, and now it is used in lots of clothing articles, together with t-shirts. Hemp is valued for its power and durability.
Henley T-Shirt: Similar to a collarless polo shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-shirt that includes 2 or 3 buttons (sometimes as much as 5 buttons are used, but that’s uncommon). A Henley may be either quick or long sleeved.
Ice Wash: A method of stone washing the place the stones are first soaked in an answer of potassium permanganate. This method produces a frosted look to fabric.
Interlock Knit: A sort of knit that is very tender and has an excellent drape. Interlock knit stitches are tighter, extra stretchy than Jersey knit, but less stretchy than rib knit. Utilized in very superb garments.
Jersey Knit: Generally found in t-shirts and is probably the most durable of knits. It is gentle weight, and has high quality vertical ribs. The Jersey knit was named after the British Island in the English Channel. Wonderful cotton Jersey refers to Jersey Knit made with effective cotton threads resembling 30s and 40s.
Knit: Defines how the interlocking loops of yarn that make up fabric have been made. There are a lot of sorts of knits. Jersey Knit is usually found in t-shirts and is the most durable of knits. It’s mild weight, and has effective vertical ribs. Then again, rib knits have heavy ribs working down the fabric, while interlock knits are used in very fantastic fabrics. T-shirt collars are often rib knit.
Muscle Shirt: Sleeveless type t-shirt, however not exactly a tank top. Primary t-shirt, just with out the sleeves. The shoulder strap portion is much wider than an atypical tank prime.
Neck Tape: A thin strip of fabric sewn over the seam operating throughout the shoulders and neck area. It covers the seam and appears better than an uncovered stitch. Sometimes called “shoulder to shoulder taped.”
OekoTek a hundred: Certification from the International Oeko-Tex® Association, which assures shoppers that the apparel they buy is chemical free and poses no danger to their well being. Underneath the Oeko-Tex normal, clothing must be freed from formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, and different toxic chemicals.
Organic Apparel: A time period very loosely applied in the garment trade. It could actually imply anything from one hundred% organic to as little as 6% organic. Usually mixed with phrases like Eco-Pleasant, Inexperienced, and so forth. Consumers should test the labels and verify the materials used to see if something is really natural or not.
Organic Cotton: Cotton grown without the usage of pesticides. Certified natural cotton has been inspected to insure it truly is natural.
Organic Soil Association: Based in 1946 by a group of farmers, scientists and nutritionists concerned about the relationship between farming practices and plant, animal, human, and environmental well being. The Natural Soil Affiliation pioneered the primary organic requirements in 1967, and certifies farms and companies that meet those requirements.
Overdyed: A process the place beforehand dyed garments or fabrics are dyed with an extra color to create a novel look.
Efficiency T: Identify for t-shirts manufactured for athletes and outdoor lovers. Performance Ts are characterized by their breathability, moisture wicking, quick drying, and odor control capabilities. Many performance Ts are polyester/cotton blends, or may also be one hundred% polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, as a result of their absorbency and wicking properties, have change into often known as efficiency t-shirts, although they don’t dry as fast as efficiency t-shirts made of 100% polyester.
PFD: Stands for Prepared For Dyeing. Bought this technique to t-shirt customizers who want to create their own look with dyes.
Pigment Dyed: A sort of dye that creates a washed out, distressed look.
Pima Cotton: A cotton developed within the U.S. in the early 1900s to compete with Egyptian cotton. It options longer fibers and is used usually in wonderful males’s and girls’s shirts. The name Pima comes from the Pima Indians, who helped with the primary crops of the brand new cotton because it was first grown in the U.S.
Pique: A technique of knitting that creates a waffle-kind, advantageous textured floor. Used usually in polo shirts.
Polyester: Man-made fiber manufactured from artificial polymers. Used broadly in apparel, especially mixed with cotton in 50/50 blends.
Pre-Shrunk: Refers to the means of pre-shrinking fabric earlier than it’s lower and sewn. Often it refers to an precise completed garment that has been preshrunk. Clothes that has been preshrunk shrinks much less once the buyer washes it. Preshrunk cotton t-shirts will nonetheless shrink a bit, nevertheless, especially if dried using a clothes dryer.
Raglan T-Shirt: Style of t-shirt that includes sleeves that run on to the collar. Often the sleeves are a contrasting shade from the physique. Raglan sleeves are wider beneath the arms, and are most well-liked by wearers who want maximum freedom of motion. Baseball t-shirts usually characteristic a raglan sleeve style.
Rayon: Man-made fiber that makes use of plant cellulose as its most important ingredient. Rayon may be very tender, has glorious drape, and is very absorbent. Originally developed as a silk substitute.
Rib Knit: Characterized by heavy vertical ribs running down the fabric. Rib knits are usually categorized as 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This lets you understand the width of the rib in comparison with the area between. For instance, a 1×1 rib knit or a 2×2 rib knit means the area between each rib is the same width because the ribs. But a 2×1 rib knit means the ribs are twice as extensive because the areas in between. Rib knit is very stretchy and is commonly used for t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank tops.
Ring Spun: Refers to yarn made by twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibers. The continuous spinning ends in a softer really feel and stronger yarn. Ring-spun t-shirts are noticeably softer to the contact.
Ringer T: A t-shirt with colored sleeve bands and matching crew neck. Most ringers are white, with the armband sleeves and crew necks in numerous colors.
Sand Wash: Refers to using sand whereas washing a garment or fabric to soften and distress it.
Satin Washed: Another time period for silicone washed, which produces a very easy and tender end to fabric, and in addition offers the fabric good draping properties.
Scoop Neck: Vast, gently curved neckline that varies in depth. Favored in girls’s shirts.
Sheer Jersey: Very gentle weight jersey knit, weighing about 3.9 ounces per yard. A bit of stretchier than wonderful jersey.
Shoulder to Shoulder Tape: A skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam working throughout the shoulders and neck area. It covers the seam and looks better than an exposed stitch.
Shrinkage: Usually refers to cotton apparel and the quantity it may be anticipated to shrink. Most cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, however four-5% shrinkage can nonetheless be expected.
Aspect Seamed: Refers to shirts with a seam operating down at every side below the arm sleeves to the underside hem. Aspect seamed t-shirts are costlier to manufacture.
Silicone Washed: Refers to utilizing inert silicone in a washing course of. Produces a really clean and gentle finish to fabric, and also offers the fabric good draping properties.
Singlet: another term for a men’s tank prime.
Slim Reduce: A method of t-shirt that is narrower than what one usually finds. For instance, a full lower males’s t-shirt, dimension giant, often runs 22 inches throughout the chest (measured one inch under the sleeve). A slim reduce will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, typically more.
Stonewashed: A washing process that uses lava rocks or sometimes silicon and rubber balls. This methodology makes fabric softer and gives it an aged or distressed look. Sometimes bleach is used in this course of.
Tank High: T-Shirt characterized by skinny shoulder straps and no sleeves. The name came from the early term for swimming pools: swimming tanks.
Taped Seam: Not actual “tape,” but a thin strip of fabric sewn over the seam operating across the shoulders and neck space of t-shirts. It covers the seam and appears better than an exposed stitch.
Tubular Fashion:A mode that has no aspect seams; the physique of the t-shirt is round and straight. Tubular t-shirts are cheaper to manufacture, and make up the bulk of the cheaper t-shirts.
Unisex T-Shirt: No commonplace definition exists for a unisex t-shirt, however usually speaking a unisex t-shirt is manufactured from lighter weight, high-quality cotton jersey, side seamed, and not reduce as full as a daily males’s t-shirt. The sleeves should not extra quick, like cap sleeves, however are not full elbow lengths both. The physique length is normally medium/lengthy. However, there are broad variations in unisex t-shirts, depending on the manufacturer.
Uzbekistan: Former U.S.S.R. satellite tv for pc that turned impartial in 1991 and is notorious for its cotton manufacturing methods, which embrace pressured baby labor and environmentally destructive practices. Ethical apparel companies boycott Uzbekistan cotton; however, many firms don’t care and have refused to join in the boycott as a result of Uzbekistan cotton is cheap.
V -Neck: Inverted triangle model of neckline. Will be deep or shallow, depending on the type. Usually favored by women, however a shallow fashion v-neck is well-liked amongst males.
Viscose: Typically one other name for rayon, as in viscose rayon.
Weight: Usually expressed ounces per square yard. A 5.5 ounce weight cotton fabric means that one square yard will weigh 5.5 ounces. Effective jersey cotton fabrics normally have lighter weights, whereas coarser cotton fabrics have heavier weights.
Wife Beater: Derogatory time period for a males’s tank prime t-shirt. Often refers to a primary white tank high.