A Tour Of The Acropolis
This is the most spectacular archaeological site on the island of Rhodes, where the dramatic natural landscape is enhanced by the picturesque quality of the more trendy city. An important archaeological monuments are to be found at the Acropolis, but there are additionally attention-grabbing ruins scattered at varied factors inside the city and just outside it.
A cobbled highway leads as much as the Acropolis, and for many who wish to avoid the tiring climb there are donkeys for hire at the primary entrance to the city. The primary ruins you will encounter are the mediaeval partitions, constructed by the Crusaders (early 14th century) on the stays of earlier defenses, both Byzantine and historical. Along the mediaeval partitions are a really small variety of towers, which observe the pure contours of the high ground. On the area of level floor the place the mediaeval steps start you will see to your left an ancient triimolia (a type of ship) carved in the rock circa 180-170 B.C.
On the ship’s prow there as soon as stood a statue of the final Agisandros Mikkion (it has not survived) which, in response to the inscription, was the work of Pythokritos, creator of the Nike of Samothrace. The good mediaeval steps lead up to the Governors Palace of the Crusader castle, which consisted of three buildings, of which two have survived. It was first restored within the early 20th century by the Danish Archaeological stone island flagship london Mission and then, in the course of the period between the world wars, by the Stone Island News Italian authorities. As you come out of the Governor’s Palace you will note a sequence of vaulted constructions supporting the “andiro”, a man-made terrace which opens out in front of the Hellenistic stoa. A number of the columns are nonetheless standing.
It was built in the shape of the Greek letter fl, within the late 3rd century BC, with protruding wings to the side, every with a frontage of four columns. It was 88 m. long, 9 m. huge and had forty two columns. The terrace was laid out later and two underground cisterns were additionally constructed to gather rainwater from the roof of the stoa and from the steps of the Propylaea. The scattered plinths with their inscriptions remind us of the time when the entire area was stuffed with statues dedicated to the goddess. Next to the Governor’s Palace stands the church of Agios loannis, constructed on the inscribed cruciform plan. It is not clear precisely when it was constructed; some assign it to the late eleventh – early twelfth century, others to the 13th – 14th century. It was constructed on the stays of an earlier church, judging from the architectural fragments found on the Acropolis and dating from the 6th century Advert.
A monumental flight of steps, behind the eight central columns of the Hellenistic stoa, leads up to the Propylaea of the temple of Undia Athena, one other stoa structure in the same form. Only the foundations have survived. At the two ends of the Propylaea there have been areas where the votive offerings made to the goddess had been saved. The stoa was built of porous stone at the tip of the 4th century B.C. At the best level of the Acropolis, on the sting of the cliff, stands the temple of Lindia Athena. This is an unexpectedly small Doric temple, with a stoa of four columns at every end. There nonetheless remain within the inside the votive altar and the plinth of the worshipped statue of the goddess. This building too was of porous stone, with mortar facing, and dates from the end of the 4th century B.C. (Open each day, 8.30am-2.40pm in the winter, 8am-7pm within the summer time).