Widespread Terms Defined
T-shirt manufacturers use many phrases to describe their products. The terms should stone island bootcut jeans not at all times consistent and it helps to have a reference guide.
The next is the official Green Man T-Shirts Guide to understanding t-shirt terms:
20s, 20/1, 20s single: Unit of measurement that defines the fineness of cotton thread. An ordinary spool of single-ply cotton thread is comprised of 840 yards of cotton thread. If it takes 20 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is referred to as 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is known as 30s cotton thread, or 30/1. If it takes forty spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is known as 40s cotton, or 40/1. The upper number means a finer thread, and thus a finer, softer fabric is created. T-shirts made from 30s and 40s are softer, finer, and have higher drape than t-shirts product of 20s. The phrases are used many ways, but it’s the quantity that counts; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 singles” are the identical. Threads could be twisted collectively into thicker strands. If two 20/1 cotton threads had been twisted collectively, it would be known as 20/2.
Bamboo Fabric: Rayon made from bamboo cellulose. Although rayon is a man-made synthetic materials, most consultants agree it is readily biodegradable. Bamboo fabric is extremely gentle and has glorious drape.
Bamboo: Quick growing plant, categorised as a grass, which could be readily processed into rayon to make bamboo rayon clothes.
Bleach Wash: A process that makes use of bleach to soften and distress the look of the fabric being washed.
Boat Neck: A really huge neckline that runs across the collarbone space to the shoulder factors. Derives from early sailors’ shirts, where the wide neck enabled fast removal if the sailor fell overboard.
Boy Beater: Women’s trend reply to the spouse beater. A women’s tank high, although it may be any shade.
Brushed Cotton: A method to remove excess lint and fibers from cotton fabric. Brushed cotton normally has a really comfortable, easy end.
Burn-Out: A course of that uses sulfuric acid or other robust acid to “burn-out” components of a fabric knit, usually a polyester/cotton blend. The method provides a see-via, very sheer effect.
Cap Sleeves: Normally refers to shorter sleeves on ladies’s garments.
Carbon Dioxide: CO2. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Known as a “greenhouse” gasoline due to its relationship with global warming. A couple of t-shirt manufacturers at the moment are measuring and recording the CO2 emissions concerned in manufacturing their shirts.
Carbon Trust: Impartial group based in 2001 in Great Britain that screens carbon emissions. The Carbon Belief works with companies to assist cut back their carbon footprint, and now certifies firms and products as having a “low carbon” or “no carbon” footprint. A few t-shirt corporations now manufacture “low carbon footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleaning process that eliminates quick fibers and removes dirt and foreign matter. Carding might be carried out by hand or by giant machines utilizing drum rollers. Carded-only cotton just isn’t as desirable as combed cotton.
Cellulase Wash: Another title for enzyme wash. This gives fabric a mushy feel and a vintage look, depending on how the wash is completed.
Cellulose: Derived from the cell walls of sure plants. Helpful in making sure kinds of fabrics, together with acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo fabric is definitely rayon made from bamboo cellulose.
Low cost Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts made with carded cotton, utilizing 18/1 thread, normally knitted on 20 gauge machines. These t-shirts are coarse, tough, and have poor drapability. Used often as low-cost promotional give-aways.
Climate Neutral: A time period used to explain a company, course of, or product that has zero impression on the Earth’s climate. A few t-shirt manufacturers promote their firm as local weather impartial.
CO2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Often known as a “greenhouse” gas because of its relationship with international warming.
Colorfastness: The ability of a garment to withstand a number of washings with out dropping its color.
Combed Cotton: A method to remove brief fibers and to arrange longer fibers parallel to create a easy, advantageous cotton yarn. Combed cotton has high power, excellent uniformity, and better hand. Combed cotton costs more and is utilized in finer t-shirts.
Compacting: A course of that compacts the area between cotton fiber pockets. Helps to reduce shrinking.
Contrasting Stitching: Stitching with a distinct colour than the garment. Provides a nice design element in t-shirts.
Management Union: A world group that provides certification providers for a variety of packages–including many natural certification packages. Certifies USDA Natural, in addition to GOTS (Global Natural Textile Standard).
Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very slightly stretchy fabric with a smooth flat face and a more textured however uniform back. Common weight per yard is about 5.5 to six ounces. Basic t-shirts are made from cotton jersey. Superb cotton jersey is normally smoother and has a lighter weight per yard.
Cotton: A pure fiber that’s the most well-liked in the world for fabrics. Cotton fibers are often ½ to 2 inches lengthy. Longer fibers produce finer cotton fabric. Varieties resembling Pima and Egyptian, which feature fibers exceeding 1.5 inches, are more extremely valued than extraordinary varieties.
Crew Neck: A round shut-fitting neckline. Most typical neck on t-shirts.
Crop Top: A shirt with a brief physique to it; made to expose the midriff area.
Double-Needle Stitched: Used mostly on sleeve/backside hems and refers to a parallel row of stitching. One of these stitching provides durability and a cleaner, extra completed look.
Drape, Drapability: Refers to how a fabric hangs. A fabric like bamboo rayon has wonderful drape, whereas a coarse fabric like burlap has little or no. T-shirts which have good drape qualities really feel nicer to put on.
Drop Tail: A garment that options an extended again than front.
Eco-Friendly: Extraordinarily unfastened term that refers to a product’s “greenness.” Almost useless in realistically assessing a product. Favourite time period used by green washers.
Egyptian Cotton: Cotton produced in Egypt and valued for its long length of fiber. Apparel made with true Egyptian cotton is prized for its softness and fineness.
Environmental Justice Basis: A registered charity established in 2000 to assist individuals who endure most from environmental abuses reminiscent of pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and soil destruction. Particularly active in curbing abuses in cotton farming.
Enzyme Washed: A wash process utilizing special enzymes to supply a comfortable end and easy look to a fabric. Ages dyes to create a special look to dyed fabrics. Enzyme washing is physically much less harsh on the fabric in comparison with stone washing.
European Lower: A mode of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one normally finds. For instance, a full lower men’s t-shirt, measurement massive, often runs 22 inches throughout the chest (measured one inch beneath the sleeve). A males’s giant European lower will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, typically extra.
Fabric Dyed: Fabric dyed earlier than being minimize and sewn right into a completed piece of clothing.
Truthful Labor Affiliation: A nonprofit group dedicated to ending sweatshop conditions in factories worldwide. Works to develop Code of Labor Practices, particularly essential in the apparel business where working conditions have historically been so poor.
Truthful Put on Basis: A world group dedicated to enhancing garment staff’ lives all around the world. Works with firms that produce clothes and different sewn merchandise and that take accountability for their provide chain.
Fine Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very slightly stretchy fabric with a smooth flat face and a extra textured but uniform again. High quality cotton jersey is often smoother and has a lighter weight per yard than common cotton jersey. T-shirts made with high-quality cotton jersey have a greater drape and feel than common t-shirts. Normally made with 30s and higher cotton thread, and weighs about four.3 ounces per square yard.
Fitted Reduce: Definitions differ, but generally a fitted cut refers to a reduce that flatters the physique. Used usually in ladies’s t-shirts, the middle part of the shirt will likely be tighter than the highest or bottom. Total, the shirts run narrower than a fundamental full reduce.
Full Reduce: A generous, roomy minimize. In t-shirts, tubular types are usually thought-about full-reduce, but there are exceptions. Full Minimize differs from the slimmer European Cuts, Slim Cuts, and Fitted Cuts.
Garment Dyed: Clothes dyed after it has been lower and sewn into a completed article of clothing.
Garment Washed: A course of the place finished articles of clothing are washed, often with added softeners to enhance the texture and look of the fabric.
GMO Free: GMO stands for Genetically Modified Organisms. First used in the nineteen nineties when customers grew to become worried about genetically modified food. Many companies now apply the GMO free label on everything from meals to pure fabrics, like cotton.
GOTS: Stands for World Organic Textile Standard. A venture of the Worldwide Working Group. They have developed requirements to ensure organic standing of textiles, from the harvesting, manufacturing, and labeling, in order to provide a credible assurance to the tip shopper. An natural t-shirt that meets the standards may be GOTS certified.
Green: Generic term utilized by advertising and marketing gurus to promote merchandise. One other favorite time period of “green-washers,” who’re hopping on the environmental bandwagon with none real dedication.
Green-Washing: Take off on the term “white-washing,” however in an environmental context. Corporations that inexperienced-wash are paying lip-service to environmental considerations to draw extra enterprise, however have not taken any real steps to be environmentally accountable.
Hand: The way in which a fabric feels to the touch. A fabric that feels gentle and clean is considered to have an excellent hand.
Hemp Fabric: Hemp, or Cannabis sativa, has been used for fabric for thousands of years, mostly as an industrial fabric. Newer processing methods have made it suitable for finer clothes, and now it’s used in many clothing articles, together with t-shirts. Hemp is valued for its strength and durability.
Henley T-Shirt: Similar to a collarless polo shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-shirt that includes 2 or three buttons (sometimes up to 5 buttons are used, however that’s unusual). A Henley will be both quick or long sleeved.
Ice Wash: A way of stone washing where the stones are first soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate. This technique produces a frosted appearance to fabric.
Interlock Knit: A sort of knit that is very soft and has a good drape. Interlock knit stitches are tighter, extra stretchy than Jersey knit, but less stretchy than rib knit. Utilized in very nice garments.
Jersey Knit: Generally present in t-shirts and is essentially the most durable of knits. It is mild weight, and has tremendous vertical ribs. The Jersey knit was named after the British Island in the English Channel. Fine cotton Jersey refers to Jersey Knit made with advantageous cotton threads equivalent to 30s and 40s.
Knit: Defines how the interlocking loops of yarn that make up fabric have been made. There are various forms of knits. Jersey Knit is commonly found in t-shirts and is the most durable of knits. It’s gentle weight, and has tremendous vertical ribs. Alternatively, rib knits have heavy ribs operating down the fabric, whereas interlock knits are utilized in very positive fabrics. T-shirt collars are normally rib knit.
Muscle Shirt: Sleeveless fashion t-shirt, but not precisely a tank top. Fundamental t-shirt, just without the sleeves. The shoulder strap portion is much wider than an extraordinary tank prime.
Neck Tape: A thin strip of fabric sewn over the seam running across the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and appears higher than an exposed stitch. Often referred to as “shoulder to shoulder taped.”
OekoTek a hundred: Certification from the Worldwide Oeko-Tex® Affiliation, which assures consumers that the apparel they buy is chemical free and poses no threat to their health. Beneath the Oeko-Tex commonplace, clothes should be free of formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, and other toxic chemicals.
Natural Apparel: A term very loosely utilized within the garment business. It may possibly mean something from a hundred% natural to as little as 6% organic. Often mixed with terms like Eco-Friendly, Green, and so forth. Shoppers should test the labels and verify the materials used to see if one thing is actually natural or not.
Organic Cotton: Cotton grown with out using pesticides. Certified organic cotton has been inspected to insure it truly is natural.
Natural Soil Affiliation: Founded in 1946 by a gaggle of farmers, scientists and nutritionists involved about the relationship between farming practices and plant, animal, human, and environmental health. The Natural Soil Association pioneered the first natural requirements in 1967, and certifies farms and companies that meet those requirements.
Overdyed: A course of the place beforehand dyed garments or fabrics are dyed with an extra coloration to create a singular look.
Efficiency T: Name for t-shirts manufactured for athletes and outdoor fans. Performance Ts are characterized by their breathability, moisture wicking, fast drying, and odor management capabilities. Many performance Ts are polyester/cotton blends, or may also be a hundred% polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, as a result of their absorbency and wicking properties, have turn into often called performance t-shirts, though they don’t dry as fast as efficiency t-shirts made of one hundred% polyester.
PFD: Stands for Ready For Dyeing. Sold this technique to t-shirt customizers who wish to create their very own look with dyes.
Pigment Dyed: A type of dye that creates a washed out, distressed look.
Pima Cotton: A cotton developed within the U.S. in the early 1900s to compete with Egyptian cotton. It features longer fibers and is used often in nice males’s and girls’s shirts. The identify Pima comes from the Pima Indians, who helped with the first crops of the brand new cotton because it was first grown within the U.S.
Pique: A technique of knitting that creates a waffle-kind, advantageous textured floor. Used typically in polo shirts.
Polyester: Man-made fiber manufactured from synthetic polymers. Used widely in apparel, especially combined with cotton in 50/50 blends.
Pre-Shrunk: Refers back to the process of pre-shrinking fabric before it’s lower and sewn. Sometimes it refers to an precise finished garment that has been preshrunk. Clothing that has been preshrunk shrinks much less once the buyer washes it. Preshrunk cotton t-shirts will nonetheless shrink a bit, nonetheless, particularly if dried utilizing a clothes dryer.
Raglan T-Shirt: Model of t-shirt that includes sleeves that run on to the collar. Often the sleeves are a contrasting colour from the body. Raglan sleeves are wider under the arms, and are most well-liked by wearers who want maximum freedom of motion. Baseball t-shirts usually characteristic a raglan sleeve model.
Rayon: Man-made fiber that makes use of plant cellulose as its major ingredient. Rayon could be very mushy, has wonderful drape, and is very absorbent. Originally developed as a silk substitute.
Rib Knit: Characterized by heavy vertical ribs operating down the fabric. Rib knits are normally categorised as 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This lets you already know the width of the rib compared to the house between. For instance, a 1×1 rib knit or a 2×2 rib knit means the house between every rib is similar width as the ribs. However a 2×1 rib knit means the ribs are twice as wide as the areas in between. Rib knit may be very stretchy and is usually used for t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank tops.
Ring Spun: Refers to yarn made by twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibers. The continuous spinning leads to a softer really feel and stronger yarn. Ring-spun t-shirts are noticeably softer to the contact.
Ringer T: A t-shirt with colored sleeve bands and matching crew neck. Most ringers are white, with the armband sleeves and crew necks in numerous colors.
Sand Wash: Refers to utilizing sand while washing a garment or fabric to soften and distress it.
Satin Washed: Another term for silicone washed, which produces a really clean and soft end to fabric, and in addition gives the fabric good draping properties.
Scoop Neck: Extensive, gently curved neckline that varies in depth. Favored in women’s shirts.
Sheer Jersey: Very gentle weight jersey knit, weighing about 3.9 ounces per yard. Somewhat stretchier than fantastic jersey.
Shoulder to stone island bootcut jeans Shoulder Tape: A skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam running throughout the shoulders and neck area. It covers the seam and appears better than an uncovered stitch.
Shrinkage: Often refers to cotton apparel and the amount it can be expected to shrink. Most cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, but four-5% shrinkage can still be expected.
Aspect Seamed: Refers to shirts with a seam running down at every facet below the arm sleeves to the underside hem. Side seamed t-shirts are more expensive to manufacture.
Silicone Washed: Refers to using inert silicone in a washing course of. Produces a very clean and gentle finish to fabric, and in addition offers the fabric good draping properties.
Singlet: one other time period for a men’s tank top.
Slim Reduce: A style of t-shirt that is narrower than what one normally finds. For example, a full minimize men’s t-shirt, size large, usually runs 22 inches across the chest (measured one inch under the sleeve). A slim lower will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, typically more.
Stonewashed: A washing course of that uses lava rocks or generally silicon and rubber balls. This methodology makes fabric softer and gives it an aged or distressed look. Sometimes bleach is used in this process.
Tank High: T-Shirt characterized by skinny shoulder straps and no sleeves. The name got here from the early time period for swimming swimming pools: swimming tanks.
Taped Seam: Not actual “tape,” but a skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam running across the shoulders and neck space of t-shirts. It covers the seam and looks better than an exposed stitch.
Tubular Model:A style that has no aspect seams; the body of the t-shirt is spherical and straight. Tubular t-shirts are less expensive to manufacture, and make up the bulk of the cheaper t-shirts.
Unisex T-Shirt: No customary definition exists for a unisex t-shirt, however usually speaking a unisex t-shirt is product of lighter weight, effective cotton jersey, aspect seamed, and never reduce as full as a regular men’s t-shirt. The sleeves are not extra short, like cap sleeves, however will not be full elbow lengths both. The physique length is often medium/lengthy. However, there are wide variations in unisex t-shirts, relying on the producer.
Uzbekistan: Former U.S.S.R. satellite that turned impartial in 1991 and is infamous for its cotton manufacturing methods, which include pressured little one labor and environmentally destructive practices. Moral apparel corporations boycott Uzbekistan cotton; nevertheless, many corporations do not care and have refused to hitch within the boycott because Uzbekistan cotton is low cost.
V -Neck: Inverted triangle fashion of neckline. May be deep or shallow, depending on the fashion. Normally favored by ladies, but a shallow style v-neck is common among males.
Viscose: Usually one other name for rayon, as in viscose rayon.
Weight: Often expressed ounces per sq. yard. A 5.5 ounce weight cotton fabric signifies that one square yard will weigh 5.5 ounces. Advantageous jersey cotton fabrics usually have lighter weights, whereas coarser cotton fabrics have heavier weights.
Wife Beater: Derogatory time period for a men’s tank prime t-shirt. Often refers to a primary white tank prime.